Contraceptive Knowledge and Practice Among Female Teachers of Reproductive Age, in Nnewi, Anambra State

CB Duru, CO Ifeadike, CC Nnebue, C Ubajaka, U Onyeonoro, O Ajaegbu


Background: Contraceptive prevalence in Nigeria has
been consistently low despite all efforts by government and
non governmental organization to boost utilization. Yet
sexual activity in the country is on the increase especially
among young persons (10-24 years).
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the level of
contraceptive knowledge and practice among female
teachers of reproductive age group (15-49 years) in Nnewi,
Anambra State, Nigeria.
Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study of the
contraceptive knowledge and practice of 384 teachers of
reproductive age (15-49 years), teaching in both primary
and secondary schools within Nnewi Town, Anambra State
between April and June 2010

Results: Majority of the respondents, 372 (97.0%), had
knowledge of at least one form of contraceptive method.
The best known method of contraception was the natural
method, 180 (46.9%). The highest knowledge for the
modern method was that of condom, 178 (46.4%), while
the least known was sterilization methods, 35 (9.1%). The
commonest source of information was the mass media.
Ever use of contraception was found in 219 (57.0%)
respondents while current use was found in 154 (40.0%).
Husbands' approval, 90 (58.4%) was the commonest reason
for choice of a particular method while the least reason was
cost, 8 (5.1%).
Conclusion: A disparity exists between knowledge and
contraceptive practice among female teachers of
reproductive age in Nnewi. This gap can be bridged by
properly designed training and re-training of teachers on
reproductive health issues including family planning.

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